I believe that the solution to the Czechoslovak problem, which has just been resolved, is only the prelude to a broader settlement in which the whole of Europe can find peace. This morning I had another conversation with the German Chancellor, Mr Hitler, and here is the document that bears his name, just like mine. Some of you may have already heard what it contains, but I would just like to read it to you: “. We regard the agreement signed last night and the Anglo-German naval agreement as a symbol of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war again.  In the spring of 1938, Hitler began to openly support the demands of German-speakers living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “greater Germany.” The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would come to its rescue in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain strove to avoid a war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable deals, but the Führer kept raising his demands. On his return from Munich, Chamberlain told a restless crowd at Heston Airport, “This is peace for our time” and waved with the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the appetite policy. Six months later, Hitler broke his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany.
From 29 to 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the main European powers was held in Munich, excluding Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, an ally of France and Czechoslovakia. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Britain and Italy. Militarily, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defenses were there to protect against a German attack. .