In and around the Cederberg towns of Wupperthal to the south and Nieuwoudville to the north, Rooibos is considered a way of life. 45 In these places, it is estimated that 75% of local income comes from Rooibos tea, 46% while up to 90% of the local population (small farmers and workers) was discriminated against during apartheid. Therefore, “the geographical and political context of the rooibos industry is one of expropriation and adversity.” 47 Khoikhoi Peoples` Rooibos Biocultural Community Protocol is a complementary core document to the Rooibos Benefit Sharing Agreement, which articulates Khoikhoi indigenous communities (including peasant communities in Cederberg) in accordance with the usual laws surrounding approval, in accordance with UNWTO South African rules. The PCO provides additional historical and legal context for the agreement and the process that flows from it, and exposes the rights of the Khoisans as indigenous peoples in South Africa as well as their claims to the traditional knowledge of Rooibos. It expresses what is expected of researchers, academics, industry and anyone wishing to use their traditional knowledge and related issues. “Our dignity is restored in the land of our ancestors by recognizing our ancient traditional Khoikhoi knowledge of Rooibos. Our people are happy and our country healed. ” – Stanley Peterson, National Khoi & San Council 45. Ives Farming the South African `bush`: Ecologies of belonging and exclusion in Rooibos tea. American Ethnologist 2014;41 (4):698-713 [Google Scholar].
Third, “countless rooibos advertisements. use the image of San and Khoi and their traditional links to Rooibos. [Therefore], there are clear arguments in favour of offsetting the benefits associated with traditional knowledge. 23 In 2012, the National Khoi &San Council joined the South African San Council in gaining recognition as a holder of rights common to traditional knowledge. For the first time this year, the two councils met with the South African Rooibos Council to begin the process of negotiating an access and benefits agreement for Rooibos, supported by the Ministry of Environment and supported by the late Minister Edna Moleva. 19.First source: Rooibos Council. Rooibos Industry Sheet 2018; available under sarooibos.co.za/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/SARC-2018-Fact-Sheet-1.pdf (last accessed August 17, 2019). Second source: see note 15, Wynberg 2017. Third source: Joubert E, from Beer D. Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) beyond the courtyard door: from herbal tea to potential phytopharmazeuticals. South African Journal of Botany 2011;77(4):869–86 [Google Scholar]. .