Why Was Buganda Agreement Of 1900 Signed

At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, called on the British authorities to take control of Uganda. [2] On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel S.E. Colvile, which encouraged the conventional takeover of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached rather than a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto. [3] The Mailo country was then divided into members of the royal family, officials of the kingdom and a few individuals. The other beneficiaries were religious institutions. At the time of the signing of the agreement, the figures in the allocated areas were estimated. After the consultation, the contracting parties had to sit down together and conclude what the agreement had decided after the award. This culminated in the allocation of Buganda in 1913 Agreement.As consequence of Article 15, natives who did not fall into the categories of people to whom the land was allocated were rendered landless. They became squatters.

The agreement also introduced the tax system to finance the new administrative structure. The agreement stipulated that the Kabaka were to exercise direct domination over the natives of Buganda by administering justice through the Lukiiko and its officials. [6] He also consolidated the power of the largely Protestant Bakungu customer chief, led by Kagwa. The British sent only a few officials to administer the country, relying mainly on bakungu chiefs. For decades they were favored for their political skill, Christianity, friendly relations with the British, their ability to raise taxes, and Entebbe`s proximity to the Ugandan capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and had less need for military or administrative support. [4] The Uganda Herald newspaper of August 14, 1914 reproduced the oath: “I Daudi Chwa, swear, I will serve our Sovereign Lord King George V in Kabaka`s office of Buganda well and honestly and I will do justice to all kinds of people according to the law and use of the Uganda Protectorate without fear or favor, affection of good will. While God helps me. The British wanted not only to be the masters of the kingdom and its people, but also to have a say in who the next Kabaka would be. After the death of a Kabaka, his successor is elected by a majority of votes in the Lukiiko or the local council.

The name of the person elected by the local council must be submitted to Her Majesty`s Government for approval, and no person may be recognized as Kabaka of Uganda whose election has not received the consent of Her Majesty`s Government,” Article 6 continues. Before signing the agreement, the Kabaka of Buganda selected its officials without consultation. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor when the deal was signed, said by his majority that British control had diluted his authority. My current position is so precocious that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. .